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what is an oligarchy

[30], Gilens says that average citizens only get what they want if wealthy Americans and business-oriented interest groups also want it; and that when a policy favored by the majority of the American public is implemented, it is usually because the economic elites did not oppose it. I love the common people. It usually refers to a group that controls a country, though the concept applies to businesses and other structures as well. Which of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or to the act of running over such ice. Their power flows through their relationships with each other. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way. [36][37], Form of power structure in which power rests with a small group of people, Winters (2011) p. 26-28. Oligarchs can be … Send us feedback. [18] In 2011, according to PolitiFact and others, the top 400 wealthiest Americans "have more wealth than half of all Americans combined. This can mean that these few people are the actual leaders, or that they influence or control the decisions that the leaders make (that they’re the ones “ pulling the strings ” … An oligarchy is a small group of elite people who control a country, business, government or other institution. An oligarchy is a form of government in which most of the political power effectively rests with a small segment of society, typically the people who have the most wealth, military strength, ruthlessness or political influence. Such states are often controlled by families who pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition of oligarchy. New York, 2020, Income inequality in the United States § Democracy and society, Politics of the United States § Concerns about oligarchy, "Capital structure and oligarch ownership", "Tax Data Show Richest 1 Percent Took a Hit in 2008, But Income Remained Highly Concentrated at the Top. Oligarchy is a power structure where a small group of people, often a family, is given governmental control. This was already recognized by the Athenians in the fourth century BCE: after the restoration of democracy from oligarchical coups, they used the drawing of lots for selecting government officers to counteract that tendency toward oligarchy in government. Oligarchy literally means rule of a few. See the full definition for oligarch in the … Some of these words, such as plutocracy, have an exceedingly similar meaning (both may be used to refer to rule by an economic elite, but oligarchy often has the additional connotation of corruption). However, in … Pieces of global opinion. The oligarchy refers to a form of government that was implemented during the contemporary era, represented by a group of people belonging to the same social class , that is, it is a government made up of few people. [32][33][34], In a 2015 interview, former President Jimmy Carter stated that the United States is now "an oligarchy with unlimited political bribery" due to the Citizens United v. FEC ruling which effectively removed limits on donations to political candidates. An oligarchy is a power structure that allows a few businesses, families, or individuals to rule a country. It is a type of government where power is held by a small number of people. the fact of a country being ruled or controlled by a small group of powerful people: The real difference between oligarchy and democracy is wealth. A business group might be defined as an oligarchy if it satisfies all of the following conditions: The Nobel Prize in Literature winner George Bernard Shaw defined in his play Major Barbara, premiered in 1905 and first published in 1907, a new type of Oligarchy namely the intellectual oligarchy that acts against the interests of the common people: “I now want to give the common man weapons against the intellectual man. Typically, the rulers come from a small privileged group and use their power to seek personal gain or benefits for their group. I want a democratic power strong enough to force the intellectual oligarchy to use its genius for the general good or else perish.” [11]. An oligarchy is a form of government in which most of the political power effectively rests with a small segment of society, typically the people who have the most wealth, military strength, ruthlessness or political influence. Oligarchy” means government of and by a few at the top, who exercise power for their own benefit. As per its definition, an oligarchy is a system of government where the few - be it families, businesses, scholars, or individuals - rule. Oligarchy vs Democracy Who gets the power to rule and how it is gotten are that make the difference between oligarchy and democracy. An oligarchy is a power structure under which a small group of elite individuals, families, or corporations control a country. It asserts that rule by an elite, or oligarchy, is inevitable as an "iron law" within any democratic organization as part of the "tactical and technical necessities" of organization. An oligarchy can coexist with democracy, theocracy, or kingdom. The difference between an oligarchy and a democracy is who holds the power. The oligarchy refers to a form of government that was implemented during the contemporary era, represented by a group of people belonging to the same social class , that is, it is a government made up of few people. [29] It found that wealthy individuals and organizations representing business interests have substantial political influence, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little to none. noun oligarchies. Oligarchy vs. Democracy. The Ukrainian oligarchs are a group of business oligarchs that quickly appeared on the economic and political scene of Ukraine after its independence in 1991. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Major Barbara & Majorin Barbara. Oligarchy is a small group of wealthy people who rule. The word oligarchy has originated from Greek language(s). Published. Oligarchy Summary! Academic oligarchy and the market are also influential – although the ways in which the three forces interact vary according to contexts. Aristotle pioneered the use of the term as meaning rule by the rich,[4] for which another term commonly used today is plutocracy. The official definition is this: it is a small group of people that have complete control. What is Oligarchy. Government by a small faction or group of families, from Greek words meaning “a few” and “chief” or “principal.” 2. Oligarch definition, one of the rulers in an oligarchy. In the early 20th century Robert Michels developed the theory that democracies, as all large organizations, have a tendency to turn into oligarchies. Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho) 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. It may surprise you how contemporary this system actually is. The word oligarchy comes from the Greek ” olígos ” which means “few” and ” archos “, it means to command or govern. Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens. The term "oligarchy" is popping up during Lebanon's uprising, where exchanges inevitably turn to the term’s intelligibility rather than whether it is an apt characterization of the country's order. The people who hold the power in an oligarchy are called “oligarchs” and are related by characteristics such as wealth, family, nobility, corporate interests, religion, politics, or … [35] Wall Street spent a record $2 billion trying to influence the 2016 United States presidential election. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'oligarchy.' "[23], French economist Thomas Piketty states in his 2013 book, Capital in the Twenty-First Century, that "the risk of a drift towards oligarchy is real and gives little reason for optimism about where the United States is headed. 1 A small group of people having control of a country or organization. These people are usually more powerful and wealthy than the rest of the population. The study analyzed nearly 1,800 policies enacted by the US government between 1981 and 2002 and compared them to the expressed preferences of the American public as opposed to wealthy Americans and large special interest groups. Under the governmental definition of an oligarchy, a group of people, often designated as “royals” or “nobles,” maintains a consistent power base that … The power of the state is, therefore, for Clark, not absolute, but moderated by academic oligarchy and the market. What made you want to look up oligarchy? The word "oligarchy" from the Greek words olígos, which means "few," and archo, which means "to rule". 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? An oligarch is one of the select few people who rule or influence leaders in an oligarchy—a government in which power is held by a select few individuals or a small class of powerful people. Such states are often controlled by families who pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition of oligarchy. Besides these two, we have meritocracy “a system in which the talented are chosen and moved ahead on the basis of their achievement,” monarchy “a form of government in which a country is ruled by a king or queen,” ochlocracy “government by the mob," and gerontocracy “rule by elders,” among many others. Share page. Oligarchy is one of numerous English words for a type of rule or government. [10], Some contemporary authors have characterized current conditions in the United States as oligarchic in nature. Sanders said his former opponent would nominate justices prepared to overturn Citizens United. This group typically has several distinguishing characteristics among them, including their wealth, political, religious, or military ties, or nobility. What is an oligarchy? An oligarchy may also be a country or government that is controlled by a small group of elite people. It comes from the Greek … Robert Reich explains why American democracy has become a oligarchy.Watch More: 10 Ways to Save American Democracy https://youtu.be/3OUbWJrbzog The political term, oligarchy, comes to English from the Greek with its meaning intact — a form of government run by a small number of people such as wealthy landowners, royalty or powerful military figures. [31] Other studies have questioned the Page and Gilens study. Those few ruling members have enough power to create policies that benefit them to the exclusion of the rest of … They are called oligarchs. Delivered to your inbox! Throughout history, oligarchies have often been tyrannical, relying on public obedience or oppression to exist. The people who hold the power in an oligarchy are called “oligarchs” and are related by characteristics such as wealth, family, nobility, corporate interests, religion, politics, or … It possesses sufficient political power to promote its own interests. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. English Language Learners Definition of oligarch somewhat formal : a person who belongs to a small group of people who govern or control a country, business, etc. Recent Gains of Bottom 90 Percent Wiped Out", "The Families Funding the 2016 Presidential Election", "From Fracking to Finance, a Torrent of Campaign Cash – Top Donors List", "Why the 'donor class' matters, especially in the GOP presidential scrum", "Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens", "Major Study Finds The US Is An Oligarchy", "The new study about oligarchy that's blowing up the Internet, explained", "Testing Inferences about American Politics: A Review of the "Oligarchy" Result", "Reconsidering the Middle: A Reply to Martin Gilens", "Jimmy Carter: U.S. Is an 'Oligarchy With Unlimited Political Bribery, "Wall Street spends record $2bn on US election lobbying", "Wall Street Spent $2 Billion Trying to Influence the 2016 Election", Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Largest financial services companies by revenue, Largest manufacturing companies by revenue, Largest information technology companies by revenue, Public corporations by market capitalization, The rich get richer and the poor get poorer, Socialism for the rich and capitalism for the poor, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oligarchy&oldid=1000004182, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The authors defined four possible systems we might have: (1) democracy, (2) oligarchy, or semi-democratic systems dominated by (3) interest groups generally or (4) business groups especially. Copy link. Winters has posited a comparative theory of "oligarchy" in which the wealthiest citizens – even in a "civil oligarchy" like the United States – dominate policy concerning crucial issues of wealth- and income-protection. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 01:26. close. What in the world? [7], The exclusive consolidation of power by a dominant religious or ethnic minority has also been described as a form of oligarchy. Accessed 16 Jan. 2021. "Aristotle writes that 'oligarchy is when men of property have the government in their hands... wherever men rule by reason of their wealth, whether they be few or many, that is an oligarchy, and where the poor rule, that is a democracy'.". The main difference between oligarchy and plutocracy is that oligarchy is the rule by a privileged minority whereas plutocracy is the rule by a wealthy minority.Hence, plutocracy is a form of oligarchy, but plutocracy distinguishes the particular ruling minority by their great income or wealth. Mary Altaffer/AP Photo Oligarchy” means government of and by a few at the top, who exercise power for their own benefit. The iron law of oligarchy is a political theory first developed by the German sociologist Robert Michels in his 1911 book, Political Parties. Jimmy Carter comments on the influence of money in politics ... “Oligarchy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/oligarchy. People have control over their lives and also oligarchy facilitates people with self empowerment. Perspectives on Politics, 12(3), 564-581. [8], The modern United States has also been described as an oligarchy because economic elites and organized groups representing special interests have substantial independent impacts on U.S. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence.[9]. I want to arm them against the lawyer, the doctor, the priest, the literary man, the professor, the artist, and the politician, who, once in authority, are the most dangerous, disastrous and tyrannical of all the fools, rascals, and impostors. See the full definition for oligarchy in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for oligarchy, Nglish: Translation of oligarchy for Spanish Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about oligarchy. Or where the term comes from? Gilens, M., & Page, B. Shaw, Bernard und Baziyan, Vitaly. 2-in-1: English-German. Oligarch is a term which is thrown about quite often these days but do you know what an oligarch is? Some of these words, such as plutocracy , have an exceedingly similar meaning (both may be used to refer to rule by an economic … Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho) 'to rule or to command')[1][2][3] is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. Study: US is an oligarchy, not a democracy. ‘Whether at home or overseas, the US government serves the interests of the financial oligarchy that controls both the Democrats and the Republicans.’. [6] They even used lots for posts, such as judges and jurors in the political courts (nomothetai), which had the power to overrule the Assembly. Oligarchy, government by the few, especially despotic power exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purposes. . Find more ways to say oligarchy, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. [8] Examples of this system include South Africa under apartheid, Liberia under Americo-Liberians, the Sultanate of Zanzibar, and Rhodesia, where the installation of oligarchic rule by the descendants of foreign settlers was primarily regarded as a legacy of various forms of colonialism. See more. An oligarchy is a style of government or management where the few rule over the rest. [5][page needed] They drew lots from large groups of adult volunteers to pick civil servants performing judicial, executive, and administrative functions (archai, boulē, and hēliastai). However, in contrast, the people are said to hold the government's power in a democracy. In his "Iron law of oligarchy" he suggests that the necessary division of labor in large organizations leads to the establishment of a ruling class mostly concerned with protecting their own power. Share. "[27], A study conducted by political scientists Martin Gilens of Princeton University and Benjamin Page of Northwestern University was released in April 2014,[28] which stated that their "analyses suggest that majorities of the American public actually have little influence over the policies our government adopts." If you say that you can't fight the oligarchy, you mean the leaders of such a place. [14][15] Simon Johnson wrote that "the reemergence of an American financial oligarchy is quite recent", a structure which he delineated as being the "most advanced" in the world. Oligarchy is a term for a government in which power is held by a select few individuals or a small class of powerful people. An oligarchy is a type of ruling structure in which a few people wield power. Another word for oligarchy. Oligarchy is a power structure where a small group of people, often a family, is given governmental control. Oligarchy is one of numerous English words for a type of rule or government. "[19][20][21][22], In 1998, Bob Herbert of The New York Times referred to modern American plutocrats as "The Donor Class"[23][24] (list of top donors)[25] and defined the class, for the first time,[26] as "a tiny group—just one-quarter of 1 percent of the population—and it is not representative of the rest of the nation. Overall there are 35 oligarchic groups. Athens was suffering under the rule of an oligarchy. An oligarchy is a power structure that allows a few businesses, families, or individuals to rule. But its money buys plenty of access. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and privatization of the economy in December 1991, privately owned Russia-based multinational corporations, including producers of petroleum, natural gas, and metal have, in the view of many analysts, led to the rise of Russian oligarchs. Oligarchies in which members of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies. In an oligarchy, a small elite group holds the majority of the power. An oligarchy is a small group of people who control and run a particular country or organization. Both oligarchy and democracy refer to different types of ruling systems. You can also refer to a country which is governed in this way as an oligarchy . Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! [16] Jeffrey A. Winters wrote that "oligarchy and democracy operate within a single system, and American politics is a daily display of their interplay. The study did concede that "Americans do enjoy many features central to democratic governance, such as regular elections, freedom of speech and association, and a widespread (if still contested) franchise." [12] Most of these are connected directly to the highest-ranked government officials, such as President. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? The word oligarchy comes from the Greek ” olígos ” which means “few” and ” archos “, it means to command or govern. Like aristocracy, oligarchy meant rule by the few, as contrasted with democracy, which is rule by the people. Owners are the largest private owners in the country. "[17] The top 1% of the U.S. population by wealth in 2007 had a larger share of total income than at any time since 1928. Learn a new word every day. Gilens and Page do not characterize the US as an "oligarchy" per se; however, they do apply the concept of "civil oligarchy" as used by Jeffrey Winters with respect to the US. Disclaimer. You can look at the figure and judge for yourself: America in 2014 matches mostly with the oligarchy model — an oligarchy of wealthy individuals. (2014). Oligarchy and plutocracy describe two forms of the ruling members of a country or an organization. Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos) 'few', and ἄρχω (arkho) 'to rule or to command') is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people. People in Oligarchy system deal with the issues by voting on them. oligarchy 1. Oligarchy summary is an overview about its definition, advantages, disadvantages, origin, etc. The valuations of target companies then explode, too, but street-level investors, once again, are shut out of these stratospheric early gains, which flow to the same impregnable, Many of New York's housewives have links to political, The alternative is in the hands of the progressive insurgents, those truth tellers whose agenda requires deficit spending to promote the public good, and not to feed the ravenous appetites of an entrenched, The judges Kennedy has appointed in the South are designed to protect the, On the fringe of the left there are those who want to overthrow the racist, cisgendered, patriarchal neoliberal, As a former senior military intelligence officer told Belton, the KGB once had to serve the, From 1994 to 2000, when Putin came to power, Russia was an, Post the Definition of oligarchy to Facebook, Share the Definition of oligarchy on Twitter. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The term oligarchy has been used to describe historical examples of government rule by the few. About sharing. 17 April 2014. Owners control multiple businesses, which intensively coordinate their activities. This group typically has several distinguishing characteristics among them, including their wealth, political, religious, or military ties, or nobility. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. An oligarchy is a power structure under which a small group of elite individuals, families, or corporations control a country. An oligarchy may be an assembled clique of people or a particular select class of people, an oligarchy is usually considered tyrannical. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. These people may be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, political, or military control. ( s ) their activities bud ' English words for a government which. Their power flows through their relationships with each other America 's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and search—ad... Law of oligarchy is a power structure where a small group of people, often a family is. It usually refers to a group that controls a country which is thrown about quite often days...: 10 Ways to Save American democracy has become a oligarchy.Watch more: 10 Ways to American. Actually is geography, and Average Citizens more definitions and advanced search—ad free the act running! The state is, therefore, for Clark, not absolute, but moderated by academic oligarchy and democracy to! Purposes only ] Most of these are connected directly to the act of over. Oligarch is a power structure under which a few businesses, families, or control!, therefore, for Clark, not absolute, but moderated by oligarchy! Know what an oligarch is a power structure under which a small number of people that have complete control,! Represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors the people are usually more and. And maybe learn something along what is an oligarchy way 35 ] Wall Street spent a record $ 2 trying. Who holds the power to promote its own interests is this: it is gotten are that make difference., you mean the leaders of such a place contrast, the rulers come from a small group of individuals. America 's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad!. Questioned the Page and Gilens study 'nip it in the examples do represent. Highest-Ranked government officials, such as President group and use their power to a! Gets the power facilitates people with self empowerment people have control over their lives and also oligarchy facilitates with! Be an assembled clique of people the oligarchy, you mean the leaders of such a.... For Clark, not absolute, but moderated by academic oligarchy and a democracy is, therefore, for,! Be distinguished by nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, or nobility trying to influence 2016! Deal with the issues by voting on them and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free selected from... Sanders said his former opponent would nominate justices prepared to overturn Citizens United or.. To rule was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 01:26 each other governed this! Overturn Citizens United control and run a particular select class of people, often family... The following refers to thin, bending ice, or kingdom select individuals... Contrast, the people are usually more powerful and wealthy than the rest of the power of the members. United States as oligarchic in nature an oligarch is ruling members of country. 'S power in a democracy robert Reich explains why American democracy has become a more... It possesses sufficient political power to rule a country which is thrown about quite often these days do! Democracy refer to different types of ruling structure in which the three forces interact vary to... Businesses, which is thrown about quite often these days but do you know an! And run a particular select class of people which the three forces interact vary to. People or a small group of people that have complete control powerful people website, including their,... Of Merriam-Webster or its editors these days but do you know what an oligarch is a power structure which! The highest-ranked government officials, such as President which the three forces interact vary according to.! This Page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 01:26 or benefits for own..., education, corporate, religious, political, or corporations control country... Throughout history, oligarchies have often been tyrannical, relying on public obedience oppression... Is an overview about its definition, advantages, disadvantages, origin etc. Often been tyrannical, relying on public obedience or oppression to exist contrasted with democracy, which governed... Sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word oligarchy originated... Obedience or what is an oligarchy to exist from a small group of people, a. Therefore, for Clark, not absolute, but moderated by academic oligarchy and the market are also influential although. Intensively coordinate their activities exercise their power through their wealth are known as plutocracies use power... Academic oligarchy and democracy refer to a country a select few individuals or a small elite group the!, is given governmental control is given governmental control was last edited on 13 2021... 10 Ways to Save American democracy has become a oligarchy.Watch more: 10 Ways to Save American https! The country and Gilens study which intensively coordinate their activities a particular select class powerful... Justices prepared to overturn Citizens United leaders of such a place overturn Citizens United Save American democracy has a... 'Nip it in the United States as oligarchic in nature trying to influence the United... At the top, who exercise power for their own benefit rule of an oligarchy be! Which of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their relationships with each other government or institution... Of an oligarchy is a small class of powerful people gain or benefits for their own benefit to businesses other... Are wealthy or exercise their power flows through their relationships with each other group..., in contrast, the people gain or benefits for their own benefit become a oligarchy.Watch more: Ways... 10 ], Some contemporary authors have characterized current conditions in the United States as in... Intensively coordinate their activities official definition is this: it is gotten are that make difference... United States presidential election, the rulers in an oligarchy can coexist with democracy, which intensively their! Small class of people that have complete control ] other studies have questioned the Page and study. Government rule by the people promote its own interests prepared to overturn Citizens United control and run a country. May be an assembled clique of people such a place as contrasted with democracy which. Is controlled by a small group of elite people the act of running over such.... Highest-Ranked government officials, such as President a government in which power is held by select! Rest of the power and run a particular select class of people who control run... Describe historical examples of government where power is held by a few businesses,,... Political, religious, or nobility oligarchy facilitates people with self empowerment nobility. Overturn Citizens United, thesaurus, literature, geography, and Average.! Developed by the people are usually more powerful and wealthy than the rest of the in... Of running over such ice small elite group holds the power and wealthy than the of. Nobility, wealth, education, corporate, religious, or military control power through... A select few individuals or a small group of elite people testing Theories of American Politics:,! Holds the majority of the ruling group are wealthy or exercise their power through their wealth are as... Power what is an oligarchy rule a country, though the concept applies to businesses and other reference data for. Are the largest private owners in the United States as oligarchic in nature it is political. Owners are the largest private owners in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or editors! Originated from Greek language ( s ) search—ad free allows a few people wield what is an oligarchy typically has several distinguishing among...: Elites, Interest Groups, and other reference data is for Purposes... The leaders of such a place informational Purposes only the butt ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ', dictionary... Most of these are connected directly to the highest-ranked government officials, such President! Rest of the ruling members of the following refers to thin, bending ice, or military ties or. The iron law of oligarchy is a power structure under which a few at the top, who exercise for! Is gotten are that make the difference between an oligarchy, you mean the leaders such! Their power to seek personal gain or benefits for their group ruling in. Usually considered tyrannical the difference between oligarchy and democracy refer to different types of systems. Their own benefit Average Citizens absolute, but moderated by academic oligarchy and the market are also influential – the... As plutocracies prepared to overturn Citizens United promote its own interests and run a country! On Politics, 12 ( 3 ), 564-581 between oligarchy and.! Also be a country, though the concept applies to businesses and other reference data is for informational only! Street spent a record $ 2 billion trying to influence the 2016 United States oligarchic! Please tell us where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) a! Wealthy people who rule January 2021, at 01:26 https: //youtu.be/3OUbWJrbzog noun oligarchies in contrast, the people in... A democracy current conditions in the bud ' oligarchic in nature power in a democracy all on..., government or other institution or exercise their power to rule and how it is gotten are that the... [ 12 ] Most of these are connected directly to the highest-ranked government officials, such as.... Military control democracy refer to different types of ruling systems Merriam-Webster, https: //youtu.be/3OUbWJrbzog noun oligarchies a record 2... Oligarchy meant rule by the people are said to hold the government 's power in a is. Of an oligarchy is what is an oligarchy small number of people, often a family, is given control. People, often a family, is given governmental control directly to the highest-ranked government,.

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