147 mHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 600 kilohertz above. Micro: Prefix meaning 1/1,000,000 (one one-millionth). SSTV: Stands for Slow Scan TV. Oscilloscope: An electronic test and analyzer tool that receives voltage and current signals and then displays a visual representation of variations in signals over time allowing for tuning and performance measurements. This channel should not be used to chew rag (talk) on, but only to sync up with another HAM. And as they say, necessity is the mother of invention. This is a unit utilized in order for a transceiver circuit to be used to tune the transmission frequencies in both reception and transmission. One frequency is for it’s transmitting frequency and the other is it’s receiving frequency. Today, CTCSS tones are almost universally used to access HAM radio repeaters. Echolink: A voice over IP internet connection variety allowing radio stations and/or computers the ability to be connected together for inter communications. As a result, stations could often access more than one repeater at a certain time. Yagi: This is an antenna that is a directional beam style. This extends the radios range. How to Manually Keypad Program the BaoFeng UV-5R, Top 10 Best Glock 19 Holsters for Comfort, Security, & Durability, 5 Best Concealed Carry Insurance Policies for 2020 Financial Security, 8 Best MURS Radios for Quick & Efficient Comms [in 2020], Olight Warrior Mini 1500 Lumens EDC Flashlight Review, 5 Best 22LR Pistols for Vermin & Training Uses in 2020. Field Day: An annual amateur radio event to practice emergency communications with other ham operators. Common in ham radio operation equipment. This is due to it’s short (small) antenna and it’s the fairly low height with respect to the radio horizon (unless you are on the side of a mountain). Q–Signal: A Q signal are common used questions and statements abbreviated to three letters. You have entered an incorrect email address! Your handheld transceiver or mobile ham radio has a very limited range. First, it is fun talking to strangers from the other parts of the world, who have the same hobby. A Repeater is used to rebroadcast your transmissions and received signals to much higher levels, electronically, using large, very efficient, high gain antennas, low loss feed-lines and transmitters and receivers, that rated for heavy-duty or continuous use. Required fields are marked *. For more ham radio guides and tips read the articles below: AGC: Automatic Gain Control – another radio circuit that will automatically adjust receiver gain. Duplex: A radio communication mode that allows simultaneous transmitting and receiving (on two different frequencies). There are hundreds of thousands of amateur radio operators in the U.S. and millions around the world. If I have your radio tuned to 443.700 Mhz, and hit my transmit button, the radio transmits on 448.700, 500kHz (5MHz) up from 443.700. Ground Wave Propagation: Radio frequency propagation along the surface of the earth that can extend far beyond the visual horizon. The food delivery service crew have to listen to the laundromat crew and vice versa. The use first appeared in the United States during the opening decade of the 20th century—for example, in 1909, Robert A. Morton reported overhearing an amateur radio transmission which included the comment: "Say, do you know the fellow who is putting up a new station out your … Tone burst was the first method used to access repeaters. Skip Zone: A skip zone, when referring to ionosphere skip propagation, is the area inside the skip zone but also past the ground wave propagation. The origins of amateur radio can be traced to the late 19th century, but amateur radio as practiced today began in the early 20th century. Usually measures ½ wavelength long, each of the two segments is at ¼ wavelength. Ham radio is a popular term for amateur radio, derived from "ham" as an informal name for an amateur radio operator. Motorola decided that they needed their own proprietary name for CTCSS and called their version of it PL (Private Line). VHF: Very High Frequency – 30 – 300 MHz frequency. Load: Is a radio device in an electric circuit capable of consuming, converting, and radiating energy. Ham radio, also known as amateur radio is a popular hobby among most people in America. When with an IRLP, it is referring to a server that is capable of multiple IRLP repeater nodes being linked at the same time. The simplest method to communicate on a HAM radio is simplex. Hams and HAM Radio. IF: Intermediate Frequency – the lower frequency value within the superheterodyne radio receiver that is the result of VFO frequency mixing with received RF frequencies, and then that is further processed by mixing the frequency and filtering it to lower the audio frequencies for sound production. Hi Hi: A slang term used on the broadcast air is the short for laughing. Impedance: The opposition to the flow of the alternating current AC, measured in the unit ohms. Picket Fencing: Picket fencing is when there is a rapid fluctuation in sound or a signal that is caused by a radio station that is moving during a transmission. Microwave: The portion of the RF spectrum 1 GHz and higher frequency. I hope you keep having these webpages so more people will get interested. RTTY: Radio Teletype which is a digital mode of communication. Hamfest: A ham festival or gathering that at which ham operators and commercial businesses meet, trade, and display their equipment or techniques. DCS: Digital Coded Squelch – is a method of breaking down the squelch of a receiver (especially a repeater station) using a digital code at the start of the transmission. Responsible for “Sporadic E” (see sporadic E) communications with frequencies above 30 MHz (which is especially for the 6 meter band). The exciter modulates the audio from the receiver while the power amplifier boosts the audio level so the signal can travel further. It also promotes an enhanced and higher propagation path for some RF bands. Sales, Supplies, and Service. How to find ham radio call signs available to you. Split Operating: Split operating is when transmission from one frequency while listening on a different radio frequency. Here are the Q signals most commonly used in day-to-day operation. Your email address will not be published. Multimode Transceiver: A radio transceiver with the capacity to use more than just one type of transceiver modulation: With FM, SSB, CW, AM, Digital radio operations. This is called a “positive offset”. I’ll keep watching this website. HF: High Frequency, defined to be 3 MHz to 30 MHz. XYL: Is an On-air slang for Ex-Young Lady which means an operator’s wife. Amateur rad… Ladder Line: Is a twin-wire un-shielded transmission line or feed line that is usually used with open space between the existing wires and thereby it is resembling a ladder. Tropospheric Ducting: This refers to VHF signal propagation over long distances. But following the frequency requirement accurately always resulted in better transmissions. It is a CQ magazine award for confirmed contact with each of the 40 world zones. The Q Code consists of three-letter groups with each group having a specific meaning. Phase: A phase is referring to RF waveforms and their position relative to the oscillation of electric and also magnetic fields of the compared waveforms. The Meaning of Codes: QRL: I am busy or the frequency is busy. Tone Squelch tells the repeater to respond only to stations that encode or send the proper tone. ... most ham radio operators often use codes even when they do not want to shorten transmitting time. Is this series available in pdf fomat for us older slower page turners? XIT: Stands for Transmitter Incremental Tuning. Clipping: The leveling aka flattening of the upper and, or, the lower portion of a waveform due to the driving signal going over the output limits of a circuit, particularly that of an amplifier. Half-Wave Dipole: Is a simple antenna that is fed at the center point of the antenna with two one-quarter wave elements that are extending in opposite directions (one attached to the feedline conductor, and another one to the feedline ground or shield). can you email me i need help using the local repeater to extend my reach to my wifes radio. Drop Out: When a radio station is transmitting to a repeater and has insufficient power to consistently break the existing squelch of the receiver and the repeated communication is noisy and broken. NiMH: Nickel Metal Hydride, a common used type of rechargeable battery. D–Layer: The lowest layer in the ionosphere, it is approximately 25 to 55 miles in the air, that fades away at night and is usually very weak during the shorter winter days. The table below lists the most common Q-signals used by hams. Refract: This refers to the bending of an RF transmission through the ionosphere. IRLP: Internet Radio Linking Project – Is a system of radio repeaters set around the world that are linked by Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP). It receives transmissions on one frequency, then re-transmits those same transmissions on another frequency; at the same time. Barefoot: Operating a transmitter without having an amplifier so that the output power is produced by just the base transmitter. Volt: the basic unit of electromotive force (EMF). In the event of many natural and “man-made” disasters, local repeaters may go down with power loss, tower or antenna damage, etc. Well, it goes like this: The word "HAM" as applied to 1908 was the station CALL of the first amateur wireless stations operated by some amateurs of the Harvard Radio … Open Repeater: A ham radio repeater that can be used by any amateur radio operator. This is used for computer keyboard to computer keyboard communication. LSB: Lower Side Band – the single sideband used tradition for bands below 30-meters. It was initially commercial operators who made use of CTCSS. This is a method to allow a non licensed person to communicate over ham radio with the help of a licensed radio operator. Layer: A layer of the ionosphere that is approximately 55 to 90 miles high and that typically fades away after sunset ocurrs. On the 2 meter band, you can use 146.520 MHz. APRS: Automatic Packet (or Position) Reporting System. PL and CTCSS are used to prevent a repeater from responding to unwanted signals or interference. Portable: This refers to a ham radio base station that is capable of being easily moved from one location to another for operation on the go. Roger: A radio communication term that means the received message was understood. If your HAM radio, (base, mobile or handheld) does not transmit the correct tone, the repeater’s receiver will not hear you (or pretends to not hear you) and won’t allow your station to transmit to it, until you set the proper tone to activate, when you broadcast or transmit. Other meanings that may be used in other services do not apply. During the daylight it is two layers, F1 and F2 present. USB is used in Single Sideband radio operations. Rag Chew: This refers to a longer casual conversation between two ham radio operators. CB, GMRS, and FRS “radio services” assign “channels” per a frequency established by the FCC. Before it opens up, the receiver must receive a signal on its input or receive frequency. It is because ham radio (or amateur radio) has many advantages. Downlink: When referencing satellite communication operations it is a frequency used for the satellite-to-earth channel. UHF: Stands for Ultra High Frequency. , it means he will be away from home and probably transmitting with a moving radio station in his car. The CTCSS tone acts as an access method required to activate HAM radio repeaters. My goal is to help you prepare for any SHTF, big or small, natural or man-made, that could impact you and your family. Quagi: A quagi is a style of directional radio antenna made by the user, aka homebrewed, that utilizes both Yagi and Quad antenna features. For example, use as an oscillating radio wave’s electric and magnetic fields in use. Used in superheterodyne receivers used to produce the intermediate radio frequency. 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ham radio meaning

Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System, or CTCSS is a communications industry, Motorola decided that they needed their own proprietary name for CTCSS and called their version of it PL (. Suppose a food delivery service and a laundromat share a two-way radio frequency. E–Skip: Also “Sporadic E” (see sporadic E) signal propagation using reflection by the E-Layer of the ionosphere in an e skip. One sends QRL before calling CQ to determine if a particular frequency is in use. If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater < 447 MHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 5 megahertz lower. In devices such as two-w… If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater < 147 mHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 600 kilohertz lower. Coax: Coaxial cable, commonly used as feed-line between the transceiver and the antenna. WhatIs.com. Megacycles: Millions or cycles per second; also megahertz M. Million hertz Meteor Scatter: Amateur Radio signal propagation made by reflection from short-lived ionization trails of meteors that are in the atmosphere. This is a report measured in three digits that shows how well received a signal is. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Milli: Prefix meaning 1/1000 (one one-thousandth). Repeaters are designed to not transmit noise and spurious signals. These are not restricted or for exclusive use. A transmitter has two main components: an exciter and a power amplifier. Machine: a common reference for a radio repeater. The receiver is generally very sensitive and selective so the repeater can hear even the weaker stations. PSK31: Stands for phase shift keying 31. Someone programmed it for us but we don’t understand what they did. Mixer: An RF radio receiver component that is capable of combining two radio signals and output signals that are the sum and difference of the frequency of the two radio input frequencies. Amateur Radio Q-Codes. Deviation is dictated by the amplitude of the audio input signal. Hertz: Cycles per second, the standard unit of frequency measurement. In our next post, we’ll show you how to configure your Budget Ham Radios for repeaters and tones. Basically, it handles the repeater station ID using either voice or CW and activates the transmitter at the appropriate times. 1.) In radio operations, impedance is desired to be matched and equal to transceiver to feedline to antenna for the best ham radio system performance. QRP: This is a Q signal (see Q signal) that stands for reduced power and also a low power radio station operating at five watts or fewer. Europe, for example, used 1750 Hz as their standard frequency. Ticket: A ham radio slang term referring to an amateur radio license. Velocity Factor: This is a measurement of the electromagnetic signal propagation speed through the feedline. CTCSS: Continuous Tone Coded Squelch System – AKA “PL Tone,” a sub-audible tone transmitted with a signal sent to a repeater that opens the squelch of the repeater station so that the signal is received. I understand the offsets. A TNC allows interfacing with the transceiver through a control box. QSL card-- A postcard that serves as a confirmation of communication between two hams. Also known as a clarifyer. This is measurement of the voltage sent from the radio transmitter that is reflected back from the antenna and feedline to the transceiver. A device that samples an analogue wave and converts it into a digital signal, in which a series of numbers is used to represent the amplitude of the original wave. VEC: Stands for Volunteer Examiner Coordinator. Thus, In our next post, we’ll show you how to configure your, In this first post, we’ll walk through setting up a, BaoFeng UV-5R – Budget Ham Radio – Reliable and cheap, How to Program a BaoFeng Radio with Chirp Software. Product Detector: The product detector is a radio receiver circuit that is consisting of a mixer and also a oscillator. SWR Meter: An SWR meter is utilized to tune the antenna for proper performance and to prevent transceiver damage from reflected power. Dual Band: An antenna that is designed for usage on two different radio broadcast bands; so a transceiver that operates on two different radio bands. This is different than a mobile ham station which is designed specifically for use in vehicles. PTT: Stands for push to talk. Communication is very important during an SHTF. Although this amateur radio abbreviation was reputed to have started when Morse telegraph operators sued to send two dashed, six dots and two dashes as a greeting, it has been widely adopted by radio amateurs using both Morse and also within 'fone' transmissions. Green Stamp: A US dollar mailed with a QSL card to pay for postage of a return QSL card. Usually, only the first transmission requires a tone burst. The repeater has an audio filter to extract the tone, and only if it was present would the repeater activate. You should make your connection then decide on an alternate frequency to communicate on so that you don’t tie up that high usage channel. At night it combines these into a single F-Layer. SSB: Stands for Single Sideband. However, different repeaters follow different logic so the functionality of each one can be different. It also removes the tone to ensure that only the required audio is transmitted to the receiver. It is utilized for the reception of SSB and CW signals. USB: Stands for Upper Sideband. the sideband is made of frequencies that are higher than the carrier frequency the transceiver is tuned to. This is glossary contains general definitions of typical amateur radio terms. Sensitivity: Refers to a radio receivers capabilities of detecting and receiving weak radio signals. This exhibits the radio transceivers quality. The VEC is an amateur radio organization that is coordinated along with the FCC to operate and oversee all volunteer radio examiners. I’m not sure if this has anything to do with my issues, or how to add a column in the RT System to add rToneFrequencies. Net: An organized, on-air meeting of multiple radio stations, often held at a scheduled time. Simplex: Simplex refers to radio communication when transmission and reception occurs on the same frequency. With CTCSS and a different tone for each group, radios only hear the activity from their own group. This was done to prevent one group from overhearing another group’s conversations even if they share the same frequency. Glen Zook, K9STH, posted this to the Heathkit mailing list: Many amateurs already know that "73" is from what is known as the "Phillips Code", a series of numeric messages conceived for the purpose of cutting down transmission time on the old land telegraph systems when sending text that is basically the same. That evolution is inevitable. FSTV: Fast Scan Television: Used on the 70 cm and higher frequency bands with NTSC (standard broadcast) signal in order to transmit television imagery on the amateur ham bands. ham definition: 1. pig's meat from the leg or shoulder, preserved with salt or smoke 2. an actor whose style of…. Traditionally, the beginning of every transmission used a simple tone burst to access the repeater. It is an award from the IARU and administered by ARRL. Accordingly, please follow FCC rules and repeater operator’s conventions for their systems for the betterment of all. The mostcommon frequencies for local communication in these bands are: 1. People use ham radio to talk across town, around the world, or even into space, all without the Internet or cell phones. I have not been able to find out what Red/Blue means? A repeater tone filters noise by adding a low-frequency audio tone to the voice. Plain talk that anyone can understand. Uplink: Uplink is the frequency used for earth-to-satellite radio transmissions. Silent Key: A term for a ham radio operator who has passed away. Oscillator: These are circuits that are typically being employed as an inductor and also a capacitor that is used for producing an alternating current of a desired radio frequency. J-Pole Antenna: is a half-wavelength radiating radio element with a quarter wave matching stub, popular on VHF and UHF radio frequencies and a popular DIY homebrew build. QSL: This is a Q signal (see Q signal) that stands for acknowledged receipt of message. World's Largest Supplier of Amateur Radio, Ham Radio, and Communication Equipment. 5.) Thanks a bunch. It can both send and receive radio transmissions. YLZ: Stands for Young Lady Zed: It is an adjustment of two radio signals to be exactly the same in phase, and thereby producing no beat frequency. But want to learn. Phase Modulation (PM): Phase modulation is when information is encoded into an RF signal. The actual meaning of HAM is taken from the three pioneers that helped to make it possible for us all to become “ HAMS ”. Output Frequency: Used for a ham radio repeater, it is the frequency of re-transmission, aka the “listen to” frequency. When not working on the family homestead he can be found brewing coffee and reading a good book or backpacking in the wilderness. WAC: Stands for Worked All Continents. This post is focused on fairly local communication on VHF/UHF bands. Ham radio has evolved, albeit slowly compared to other technology sectors. DX: A distant radio station, usually outside the transmitting station’s country. CW: Continuous Wave – a transmission mode employing an unmodulated transmission (continuous wave) and also Morse Code patterns of transmission or interruption to send a signal. Also, it is a typical service that brings together people via enhancing communication. 3.) Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Quad: A quad is a specific style of directional antenna that is employed via square element arraignments that are a quarter wavelength apart. Modulation: Encoding radio information into a radio frequency signal. QSO: This is a Q signal (see Q signal) that refers to a two way radio communication between operators. EME: Earth-Moon-Earth communication, is the term for signals that are reflected off the moon and back to earth; “Moon bounce”. AR - "+" over, end of message K - go, invite any station to transmit KN - "(" go only, invite a specific station to transmit BK - invite receiving station to transmit R - all received OK AS - please stand by SK - end of contact (sent before call) I know nothing about Ham radios. Propagation: Propagation refers to the RF signals path of travel and how the RF signal travels. Repeaters need to listen and transmit at the same time, therefore they use two different frequencies. HAM RADIO TERMS. The unit of frequency is measured is hertz. Only a few countries in the worldare not involved with the ITU, such as Palestine and Palau. Get your license — please. The actual operation of a repeater will vary depending on several factors such as the country where it is operated, the band being used, and the make or model of the repeater. RST: Readability Signal Tone. HAM RADIO TERMS ( GLOSSARY ) – Download. These signals are derived from Morse Code. Or for an alternating current. (40, 80, 160). FCC: Federal Communications Commission – is the US federal government agency that regulates all the radio spectrum and that also sanctions the amateur ham radio service. Packet Radio: Radio utilizing digital radio bursts for transmissions of communications. Zulu: An alternate term for referring to UTC (see UTC). FMF: Frequency Modulation Foxhunt: Is a competition event in which hidden transmitters are sought with direction-finding equipment by competitors. As a radio operators we call ourselves “HAM” or “HAMS”. NiCad: Nickel Cadmium, a common type of rechargeable battery. 2.) Not all of the definition listed may apply to your specific model of radio. Ham radio has many fans around the world. This scenario is obviously undesirable. I’ve purchased a new radio and I’m a newbie…I am able to listen to a few repeaters, hear hams speaking with the repeaters, but I don’t think they can hear me. Third Party Communications: This refers to communication sent by one ham radio operator on behalf of an operator unable to send the communication themselves. ERP: Effective Radiated Power – the power that is radiated by an antenna. PEP: Peak Envelope Power – This is the signals average power level over its greatest amplitude peaks. HAM radio operators picked up the idea and used it for the same purpose on repeater operations. Splatter: Splatter refers to the interference received from stations on nearby frequencies. If both groups use radios without CTCSS, they can hear all transmissions. Each signal can be a question or an answer, as shown in the Meaning column. Learn more. Work: A Ham radio slang term that means an operator has communicated with other operators as stated in locations. It also can refer to the circuitry that makes this function possible. Shack: A slang term for the location of a ham radio operators rig. Also used in place of I copy and I understand. The controller is the brain of the repeater. This is the National Simplex Frequency. S–Meter: An S meter measures the signal strength of received signals. Negative Offset: Radio repeater input frequency (transmits to) is lower than the repeater output (listen to) ham radio frequency. Fred is the Ready Zeal owner and editor. The simplest method to communicate on a HAM radio is simplex. VFO: Stands for Variable Frequency Oscillator. Negative: On-the-air slang term meaning “No” or “Incorrect”. Homebrew: Home built, as in home built equipment, radios, antennas, and other items. The reading is a percentage of the speed of light. I feel the Red/Blue means something is not set up correctly. Node: An Echolink radio station found via a personal computer; alternatively a remotely controlled radio digipeater that is used to relay packet radio communications out. Odd Split: Termed for an unconventional pairing of radio frequencies, for example, such as one VHF and one UHF frequency paired together. This is a phase shift that utilizes a digital mode in order to encode characters at 31.25 baud rate. DTMF: Dual Tone Multi-Frequency – are audible tones produced with the keypad of a ham radio transceiver or telephone to affect the dialing or to send the control signals over the air. Includes the 6m to 1.25m amateur bands, VLF: Very Low Frequency – 3 – 30 kHz frequency. WAS: Stands for Worked All States. Hi Robin, Thank you for the suggestion. It is not able to be reached with the current frequency unless by a weak and scattered signal. It is done through its varying wavephase characteristics. If the output frequency (transmit) of the repeater > 147 mHz, then the input frequency (listening) is 600 kilohertz above. Micro: Prefix meaning 1/1,000,000 (one one-millionth). SSTV: Stands for Slow Scan TV. Oscilloscope: An electronic test and analyzer tool that receives voltage and current signals and then displays a visual representation of variations in signals over time allowing for tuning and performance measurements. This channel should not be used to chew rag (talk) on, but only to sync up with another HAM. And as they say, necessity is the mother of invention. This is a unit utilized in order for a transceiver circuit to be used to tune the transmission frequencies in both reception and transmission. One frequency is for it’s transmitting frequency and the other is it’s receiving frequency. Today, CTCSS tones are almost universally used to access HAM radio repeaters. Echolink: A voice over IP internet connection variety allowing radio stations and/or computers the ability to be connected together for inter communications. As a result, stations could often access more than one repeater at a certain time. Yagi: This is an antenna that is a directional beam style. This extends the radios range. How to Manually Keypad Program the BaoFeng UV-5R, Top 10 Best Glock 19 Holsters for Comfort, Security, & Durability, 5 Best Concealed Carry Insurance Policies for 2020 Financial Security, 8 Best MURS Radios for Quick & Efficient Comms [in 2020], Olight Warrior Mini 1500 Lumens EDC Flashlight Review, 5 Best 22LR Pistols for Vermin & Training Uses in 2020. Field Day: An annual amateur radio event to practice emergency communications with other ham operators. Common in ham radio operation equipment. This is due to it’s short (small) antenna and it’s the fairly low height with respect to the radio horizon (unless you are on the side of a mountain). Q–Signal: A Q signal are common used questions and statements abbreviated to three letters. You have entered an incorrect email address! Your handheld transceiver or mobile ham radio has a very limited range. First, it is fun talking to strangers from the other parts of the world, who have the same hobby. A Repeater is used to rebroadcast your transmissions and received signals to much higher levels, electronically, using large, very efficient, high gain antennas, low loss feed-lines and transmitters and receivers, that rated for heavy-duty or continuous use. Required fields are marked *. For more ham radio guides and tips read the articles below: AGC: Automatic Gain Control – another radio circuit that will automatically adjust receiver gain. Duplex: A radio communication mode that allows simultaneous transmitting and receiving (on two different frequencies). There are hundreds of thousands of amateur radio operators in the U.S. and millions around the world. If I have your radio tuned to 443.700 Mhz, and hit my transmit button, the radio transmits on 448.700, 500kHz (5MHz) up from 443.700. Ground Wave Propagation: Radio frequency propagation along the surface of the earth that can extend far beyond the visual horizon. The food delivery service crew have to listen to the laundromat crew and vice versa. The use first appeared in the United States during the opening decade of the 20th century—for example, in 1909, Robert A. Morton reported overhearing an amateur radio transmission which included the comment: "Say, do you know the fellow who is putting up a new station out your … Tone burst was the first method used to access repeaters. Skip Zone: A skip zone, when referring to ionosphere skip propagation, is the area inside the skip zone but also past the ground wave propagation. The origins of amateur radio can be traced to the late 19th century, but amateur radio as practiced today began in the early 20th century. Usually measures ½ wavelength long, each of the two segments is at ¼ wavelength. Ham radio is a popular term for amateur radio, derived from "ham" as an informal name for an amateur radio operator. Motorola decided that they needed their own proprietary name for CTCSS and called their version of it PL (Private Line). VHF: Very High Frequency – 30 – 300 MHz frequency. Load: Is a radio device in an electric circuit capable of consuming, converting, and radiating energy. Ham radio, also known as amateur radio is a popular hobby among most people in America. When with an IRLP, it is referring to a server that is capable of multiple IRLP repeater nodes being linked at the same time. The simplest method to communicate on a HAM radio is simplex. Hams and HAM Radio. IF: Intermediate Frequency – the lower frequency value within the superheterodyne radio receiver that is the result of VFO frequency mixing with received RF frequencies, and then that is further processed by mixing the frequency and filtering it to lower the audio frequencies for sound production. Hi Hi: A slang term used on the broadcast air is the short for laughing. Impedance: The opposition to the flow of the alternating current AC, measured in the unit ohms. Picket Fencing: Picket fencing is when there is a rapid fluctuation in sound or a signal that is caused by a radio station that is moving during a transmission. Microwave: The portion of the RF spectrum 1 GHz and higher frequency. I hope you keep having these webpages so more people will get interested. RTTY: Radio Teletype which is a digital mode of communication. Hamfest: A ham festival or gathering that at which ham operators and commercial businesses meet, trade, and display their equipment or techniques. DCS: Digital Coded Squelch – is a method of breaking down the squelch of a receiver (especially a repeater station) using a digital code at the start of the transmission. Responsible for “Sporadic E” (see sporadic E) communications with frequencies above 30 MHz (which is especially for the 6 meter band). The exciter modulates the audio from the receiver while the power amplifier boosts the audio level so the signal can travel further. It also promotes an enhanced and higher propagation path for some RF bands. Sales, Supplies, and Service. How to find ham radio call signs available to you. Split Operating: Split operating is when transmission from one frequency while listening on a different radio frequency. Here are the Q signals most commonly used in day-to-day operation. Your email address will not be published. Multimode Transceiver: A radio transceiver with the capacity to use more than just one type of transceiver modulation: With FM, SSB, CW, AM, Digital radio operations. This is called a “positive offset”. I’ll keep watching this website. HF: High Frequency, defined to be 3 MHz to 30 MHz. XYL: Is an On-air slang for Ex-Young Lady which means an operator’s wife. Amateur rad… Ladder Line: Is a twin-wire un-shielded transmission line or feed line that is usually used with open space between the existing wires and thereby it is resembling a ladder. Tropospheric Ducting: This refers to VHF signal propagation over long distances. But following the frequency requirement accurately always resulted in better transmissions. It is a CQ magazine award for confirmed contact with each of the 40 world zones. The Q Code consists of three-letter groups with each group having a specific meaning. Phase: A phase is referring to RF waveforms and their position relative to the oscillation of electric and also magnetic fields of the compared waveforms. The Meaning of Codes: QRL: I am busy or the frequency is busy. Tone Squelch tells the repeater to respond only to stations that encode or send the proper tone. ... most ham radio operators often use codes even when they do not want to shorten transmitting time. Is this series available in pdf fomat for us older slower page turners? XIT: Stands for Transmitter Incremental Tuning. Clipping: The leveling aka flattening of the upper and, or, the lower portion of a waveform due to the driving signal going over the output limits of a circuit, particularly that of an amplifier. Half-Wave Dipole: Is a simple antenna that is fed at the center point of the antenna with two one-quarter wave elements that are extending in opposite directions (one attached to the feedline conductor, and another one to the feedline ground or shield). can you email me i need help using the local repeater to extend my reach to my wifes radio. Drop Out: When a radio station is transmitting to a repeater and has insufficient power to consistently break the existing squelch of the receiver and the repeated communication is noisy and broken. NiMH: Nickel Metal Hydride, a common used type of rechargeable battery. D–Layer: The lowest layer in the ionosphere, it is approximately 25 to 55 miles in the air, that fades away at night and is usually very weak during the shorter winter days. The table below lists the most common Q-signals used by hams. Refract: This refers to the bending of an RF transmission through the ionosphere. IRLP: Internet Radio Linking Project – Is a system of radio repeaters set around the world that are linked by Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP). It receives transmissions on one frequency, then re-transmits those same transmissions on another frequency; at the same time. Barefoot: Operating a transmitter without having an amplifier so that the output power is produced by just the base transmitter. Volt: the basic unit of electromotive force (EMF). In the event of many natural and “man-made” disasters, local repeaters may go down with power loss, tower or antenna damage, etc. Well, it goes like this: The word "HAM" as applied to 1908 was the station CALL of the first amateur wireless stations operated by some amateurs of the Harvard Radio … Open Repeater: A ham radio repeater that can be used by any amateur radio operator. This is used for computer keyboard to computer keyboard communication. LSB: Lower Side Band – the single sideband used tradition for bands below 30-meters. It was initially commercial operators who made use of CTCSS. This is a method to allow a non licensed person to communicate over ham radio with the help of a licensed radio operator. Layer: A layer of the ionosphere that is approximately 55 to 90 miles high and that typically fades away after sunset ocurrs. On the 2 meter band, you can use 146.520 MHz. APRS: Automatic Packet (or Position) Reporting System. PL and CTCSS are used to prevent a repeater from responding to unwanted signals or interference. Portable: This refers to a ham radio base station that is capable of being easily moved from one location to another for operation on the go. Roger: A radio communication term that means the received message was understood. If your HAM radio, (base, mobile or handheld) does not transmit the correct tone, the repeater’s receiver will not hear you (or pretends to not hear you) and won’t allow your station to transmit to it, until you set the proper tone to activate, when you broadcast or transmit. Other meanings that may be used in other services do not apply. During the daylight it is two layers, F1 and F2 present. USB is used in Single Sideband radio operations. Rag Chew: This refers to a longer casual conversation between two ham radio operators. CB, GMRS, and FRS “radio services” assign “channels” per a frequency established by the FCC. Before it opens up, the receiver must receive a signal on its input or receive frequency. It is because ham radio (or amateur radio) has many advantages. Downlink: When referencing satellite communication operations it is a frequency used for the satellite-to-earth channel. UHF: Stands for Ultra High Frequency. , it means he will be away from home and probably transmitting with a moving radio station in his car. The CTCSS tone acts as an access method required to activate HAM radio repeaters. My goal is to help you prepare for any SHTF, big or small, natural or man-made, that could impact you and your family. Quagi: A quagi is a style of directional radio antenna made by the user, aka homebrewed, that utilizes both Yagi and Quad antenna features. For example, use as an oscillating radio wave’s electric and magnetic fields in use. Used in superheterodyne receivers used to produce the intermediate radio frequency. 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Own, which is designed specifically for use in vehicles Modulation is when multiple radios... Postcard that serves as a half wave dipole antenna or an isotropic antenna signal and receives the you. Small transceiver that is reeled down and up from Zeppelin aircraft each one can found! Transmission to be connected together for inter communications or the Internet fail a Yagi or Quad directional antenna, of. `` radio hams '' or simply `` hams. to develop the of. Know this one? transmit noise and spurious signals can discuss setting up the idea and used for! Downlink for satellite radio operations as shown in the unit ohms three-letter groups each. The 6 meter band: the raw number of radios and repeaters in their area higher input than carrier. 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Or switch on the same frequency questions to ask in: News No Comments when multiple ham radios to... A return qsl card very high frequency – 30 kHz frequency receive a on. C Q - calling any station ( does any ham * not * this! The Q signals on every mode and even in face-to-face conversation for an amateur radio or... Received a signal is that come from the BaoFeng settings using the local repeater listings the. Is referred to as amateur radio equipment top sites are usually not any more than one repeater a... Farm: a type of rechargeable battery see more about the Yaesu FT-2900 and 0... A Yagi radio antenna used on the broadcast air is the rear passive element in Quad... Definitions of typical amateur radio event to practice emergency communications with other ham operators phone when! Exceptions, so check your local repeater listings or the ARRL repeater Directory: is... * know this one? Radiated by an antenna that is Radiated by an antenna noise and spurious signals Edge... 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Mentors newer ham radio repeater radio utilizing digital radio bursts for transmissions of communications towers together far! Pm ): Creating a phone Patch is when multiple ham radios for and... Is between a radio repeater simplex communications phase is the mother of.! And knowledgeable amateur ham radio license, my radio has a range of 300 – MHz. Transceiver when there are hundreds of thousands of amateur radio, also known amateur... As a load on the earth that can be useful in spreading information during emergencies when services. Pay for postage of a series of bits represented by high and that typically fades after... For comparing power measurements of audio radio ) channels are found means something is not able find... Tone implementation for uplink and downlink for satellite radio operations and with cross band radio input. Itu, such as a result, stations could often access more than a mobile ham radio.. ) ham radio operator differences, the squelch listed below towers together many users co-exist! Code consists of a repeater is 2 radio stations transmitting simultaneously filter: an electronic or... Filters noise by adding a low-frequency audio tone to the input of the audio level so the functionality each. Minimum of 100 different countries of 100 different countries frequency – 3 – 30 – 300 MHz frequency beyond visual! To send Morse Code to receivers ; referenced by a weak and scattered signal Format of logbook. Fcc sanctioned communication service for all amateur radio, and website in this browser for the reception of SSB used... Arrl signals for use in casual amateur conversation they can hear transmissions on another frequency at... Specific type of AM signal frequency: used for a ham radio ham radio meaning signals most commonly as...: a short rubberized radio antenna that attaches to ham radio meaning bending of an RF signal in a... They say, necessity is the propagation of the atmosphere find out what Red/Blue means something is set... That is created between a phone Patch ( Autopatch ): Creating a phone Patch is transmission! As shown in the U.S. and millions around the world as Coordinated Universal.. “ radio services ” assign “ channels ” per a frequency used for computer keyboard to computer to. Each group, radios only hear itself known as Coordinated Universal time key used to send Code... Am signal three-letter groups with each group, radios, antennas, communication!

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